U.S. DOE fossil energy fuel cells program

TitleU.S. DOE fossil energy fuel cells program
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsWilliams, M. C., J. Strakey, and W. Sudoval
JournalJournal of Power SourcesJournal of Power Sources
KeywordsEnergy, Fuel cell, SOFC

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), in partnership with private industry, educational institutions and national laboratories, is leading the development and demonstration of high efficiency, high temperature solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and fuel cell turbine (FCT) hybrid power generation systems for stationary markets including auxiliary power units (APUs), distributed generation (DG) and large, coal-based central power plants. The DOE FE fuel cells program has three aspects: the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA), Fuel Cell Coal Based Systems for central power, and the High Temperature Electrochemistry Center (HiTEC). The SECA goal is to decrease SOFC system cost to US$ 400 per kilowatt (kW) by 2010 for stationary markets. DOE FE is ultimately concerned with coal-based central power plants such as FutureGen. The goal is to aggregate SECA-type fuel cells into larger systems and to produce a very high efficiency megawatt-class FCT hybrid for testing at FutureGen. The low-cost, US$ 400 kW-1 SECA FCT hybrid is a key component to achieving 60% efficiency by 2020. Advanced aspects of solid oxide technology are part of HiTEC R&D. Technical progress and advances are discussed for all three program aspects.